Process parameters optimization and molecular studies on bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria from ‘Kati’

  • Oladipo Oladiti Olaniyi Mail Federal University of Technology PMB 704 Akure, Nigeria
  • Juliet Bamidele Akinyele The Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  • Aarinade Adejumoke Omotayo
Keywords:
Crude bacteriocins, Lactic acid bacteria, Bacterial pathogens, Kati, Antibacterial activity

Abstract

This work described the isolation and identification of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria(LAB) from ‘Kati’(a sorghum based fermented food), and to evaluate the antibacterial effect ofbacteriocin on selected pathogenic bacteria. The identities of the isolates were revealed to be asLactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, L. fermentum KAT1, L. fermentum KAT2 and Lactococcuslactis using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Out of 28 LAB, five were found to inhibit selectedpathogenic bacteria namely; Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium andBacillus cereus. The unpurified bacteriocins produced by the isolated LAB were characterized withrespect to the effect of temperature, pH and surfactant. The test isolates showed activities of 6400,6400, 6400, 3200 and 1600 AU/ml respectively. Crude bacteriocin from L. brevis and L. lactis werethe most heat stable at 121ºC for 60 min. Bacteriocins from L. plantarum, L. lactis and L.fermentum KAT1 showed the highest antibacterial activity and stability at pH 2.0 to 6.0. Exposureto Tween 20 increased the bacteriocin activity of the LAB isolates except for L. fermentum KAT2where loss of activity occurred. The findings from this study suggest that bacteriocinogenic LABpresent in ‘kati’ have potentials to inhibit pathogenic/spoilage microorganisms in foods.

Author Biographies

Oladipo Oladiti Olaniyi, Federal University of Technology PMB 704 Akure, Nigeria
Department of Microbiology, Lecturer II
Juliet Bamidele Akinyele, The Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
The Department of Microbiology; Professor
Aarinade Adejumoke Omotayo
Department of Microbiology; Post-Graduate Student
Published
2019-12-23
How to Cite
1.
Olaniyi O, Akinyele J, Omotayo A. Process parameters optimization and molecular studies on bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria from ‘Kati’. J Food Safe & Hyg. 5(1):10-18.
Section
Original Article(s)