Journal of Food Safety and Hygiene 2015. 1(2):39-45.

Knowledge, attitude and practice of people about foodborne outbreak in Isfahan city, Iran
Mojgan Talaei, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Abass Rahimi-Foroushani, Hossein Masoumi-Asl

Abstract


This study was conducted after water scarcity and droughts in recent years in Isfahan Province, Iran. The aim of the study was to compare peoples,knowledge,attitude, practice and other risk factors toward foodborne poisoning. A knowledge,attitudes, and practice (KAP) survey study was conducted from January to December 2013 enrolling 580 subjects who were referred to health centers for health care, anonymously (response rate: 100%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics such a gender, education level, (b)16 questions on knowledge (min=0, max=32); (c) 10 questions on attitude (min=0,max=20); and (d) nine questions on practice (min=0, max=36). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 26.48 (SD=3.66), 14.23 (SD=2.47), and 28.01 (SD=3.80), respectively. KAP of food -borne outbreaks was significantly higher in people who worked in health system (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001 respectively). KAP of food -borne outbreaks was significantly higher among people who had university education (p<0.001, p<0.001, p=0.006 respectively). According to adjusted linear regression analysis, practice of food and water-borne disease increased 0.16% per one unit increase in the score of knowledge (p<0.001) and 0.55% per one unit increase in the score of attitude (p<0.001). Such studies can be performed to identify groups at risk and might need more training about health are.


Keywords


KAP Study, Foodborne disease, Outbreak, Iran

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